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6. LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF SOME VARIABLES ON MATERNAL MORTALITY IN NIGERIA by Hussaini A.,Usman M.,Falgore J. Y.,Sani S. S. and Zakari Y. Volume 54 (January 2020 Issue)
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LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF SOME VARIABLES ON MATERNAL MORTALITY IN NIGERIA

Hussaini  A.,Usman M.,Falgore J. Y.,Sani S. S. and Zakari Y.

Department of Statistics Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure

Department of Statistics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

Department of Agronomy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

Abstract

Maternal death has been considered as an important indicator for the health of the population and the economy as well as social development thus requiring the attention and commitment of the government and every citizen. This study titled “logistic regression analysis on the effect of some variables on maternal mortality in Nigeria” was conducted to determine the effect of two social variables, maternal age and maternal location on maternal mortality in Nigeria. The data used for the study were secondary data from the labor ward of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Shika, Zaria-Nigeria. Ten years of data were used for the study, this was 2009-2018. Logistic regression was then applied to determine the effect of these presumed maternal mortality determinant factors. Besides the logistic regression analysis, the Chi-square test of independence was used for a preliminary test. The software package used for the analysis was SPSS version 20. The results from this analysis revealed that maternal location is statistically significant in predicting maternal mortality. However, maternal age was determined to be statistically insignificant in predicting maternal mortality. The analysis indicates that rural women are 58% more likely to die of pregnancy-related conditions as compared to the urban ones, it also indicates that a one year increase of age increases one‘s risk of dying of pregnancy-related conditions by 2%. The implication of these findings is that the advocates of maternal mortality reduction in Nigeria will need to focus more attention on infrastructural developments such as the construction of feeder roads for villages that may give rural Nigerians easy access to good health facilities and not just on making direct improvements to the healthcare system.

Keywords: Logistic regression, Maternal Mortality, Maternal location, Odd ratio, and Nigeria 

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