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Home  >  Volume 45

14. DERIVATION OF THE REPRODUCTION NUMBERS FOR CHOLERA MODEL by A.A. Ayoade, O.J. Peter, F.A. Oguntolu and C. Y. Ishola Volume 45 (March, 2018), pp 91 – 94
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Abstract
It is expected of the epidemiologists to predict whether a disease will spread in a community or not and at the same time, forecast the degree of severity of the disease if it spreads in the community. By that, a cholera model is formulated and the procedure for obtaining the effective reproduction number and the basic reproduction number of the model is presented following the Next Generational Matrix approach. The two reproduction numbers (the effective reproduction number and the basic reproduction number) are successfully derived. While the effective reproduction number can be used to predict the effectiveness of intervention strategies in inhibiting the spread of cholera disease, the basic reproduction number can be used to forecast the severity of cholera spread in a community where the intervention strategies are not on ground.
Keywords: Model, reproduction number, Next Generational Matrix
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