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Home  >  Volume 40

Parity Deduction from Cross Section Analysis of Isotopes of some Transuranium Elements by Bamikole J.A., Agu M.N. and Akusu P.O.(pages 371-382)
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Coupled-channels optical model code OPTMAN is used as an alternative to experimental approach to evaluate the total reaction cross section for eight selected isotopes of heavy rotational nuclei of the transuranium elements over an energy range of 10 to 20 MeV. The selected isotopes are the 93Np237¬, 94Pu238, 94Pu240, 94Pu241, 94Pu242, 95Am243, 96Cm244 and 95Am245. Their choice is as a result of their importance in the modern day nuclear reactor and the energy range 10 – 20 MeV is the energy range of neutron produced in neutron generators and the maximum energy possessed by neutrons which are born in fission reaction. Results show that the percentage deviation of total cross section from ENDF values obtained for this work is less than 1 % at 14 MeV and above for 93Np237 and at 16 MeV and above for 94Pu238, 94Pu240, 94Pu241 and 95Am243 while at 18 MeV and above for 94Pu242, 96Cm244 and 95Am245. This work observed that the nucleus of transuranium elements is symmetric and the activities of rotation and vibrations (β – quadrupole, octupole vibrations and γ – quadrupole vibrations) cannot be ignored. Deductions in terms of parity in the transuranium elements revealed that the effects of the collective characteristics are exhibited by the neutrons and countered by the protons. This work compared well with the 6 % of Basunia in 2009 and 5 % of Paradela in 2011 using indirect measurement based on the surrogate ratio method and ECIS code respectively and is found to agree with about 1.3 % increase in accuracy.

Keywords: Cross section, OPTMAN Code, Transuranium Elements,Energy 10 – 20 MeV.