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Home  >  Volume 28. No.1 (Nov. 2014)

41. Empirical Prediction of Temperature Anomalies Over Tropical Pacific Ocean Using Greenhouse Gas Concentrations by Ogunsola, O.E and Oladiran, E.O. - Volume28, No. 1, (November, 2014), pp281 – 294
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Temperature is the best and easiest of all documented weather parameters to show that climate is changing. However, temperatureanomaly is more representative of a particular location than its absolute temperature. The accumulation of greenhouse gases results in accelerated warming of the atmosphere due to changes in the earth’s radiation  balance. The Pacific Ocean 

which covers a very large area of the equatorial region is a major contributor to the transfer of heat across the globe and is very important to warming. 

Greenhouse gases data obtained from World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases were analyzed using standardized anomalies, moving average and autocorrelation methods for the tropical Pacific Ocean region of the earth. The multiple regression approach was used to fit the relationship between the standard deviations of these greenhouse gases concentrations within the tropical 

Pacific Ocean and Roy Spencer’s tropical temperature anomaly data in order to obtain a relationship between the standard deviation and temperature anomaly. 

The obtained empirical relationship was used in determining the temperature anomaly pattern for each of the stations within this particular region 

of the earth in order to be able to compare warmingon yearly basis from the predicted monthly concentrations of these gases. 

Keywords: Temperature anomaly, greenhouse gases, standard deviation