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Home  >  Volume 25 (2013)

BTS Power Consumption Cost Reduction Using Solar PV System in Nigeria by Ezomo, P. I. and Otasowie P. O. Vol.25 ( Nov. 2013). pp 363-376
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This paper presents solar photovoltaic (PV) system as the cheapest means of powering base transceiver station (BTS) in Nigeria. There are many schemes that can be used to provide power to BTS. They include solar photovoltaic (Solar PV) system, Diesel generator, Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) and Batteries. In Nigeria many base transceiver stations (BTS) are provided power with diesel generators because PHCN (National grid) supply is very epileptic and unreliable. This makes the cost of Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) services to be very high.

The methodology used in this work was to visit a certain GSM base station in Benin City, Edo State of Nigeria to obtain information on the type of equipment located in the Base Station and their load demand. The daily power outage of the base station was recorded daily for six months from May to October 2011

These data were analysed and the cost of powering the base station with solar PV system and diesel generator were compared. It was found that the cheapest means of powering a base transceiver station is power supplied by solar photovoltaic system at a cost of N46767160:00.